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Thursday, December 11, 2008

The Today's breaking news

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The Today's breaking news can be found here
Jai Mahrashtra!

Saturday, November 29, 2008

BAN FUNDAMENTALISTIC EDUCATION SYSTEM

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Disclaimer: I am not an expert who can give an expert advice. But I am the one who suffers when these terror attacks happen!


All that happened in Mumbai was not an accident. It was well planed and managed attack. I pay homage to all the brave policemen, police officers and fighters who confronted the terrorists by risking their lives in the mission. No doubt Mumbai will stand up again within few days. But this time it will not only stand up the way it used to after every terror attack. This time it’s different, its attack from front directly on face. The first thing astonishes me is that how did they dare to do it? (the most useless question!) Man they have XXXX our YYYY and we are asking how? No doubt we don't have good Intelligence agency (Concluded from this incident, don’t tell what they did before), weapons, strategies to fight such attacks and many more things which common man like me don’t know. (This is nothing but crying on the situation, blaming each other!)This need to be improved.(At least this time we should learn from history)

I find the roots of such terrorist thinking in the education that you get. The fundamentalists are born out of the education that they get. If you are taught from childhood that your purpose on this earth is to destroy some one (I don’t say it’s taught in the schools these terrorist* come from (If some one relates this to particular religion, Mr./Ms. you are wrong!)). The education doesn’t mean only what you learn from syllabus. It’s also the environment given to one for studying that syllabus and to broader level it’s the input from culture (environment) around you which is feed to you in your learning (not that learning which continues for ever)-days . And so coming to point BAN THIS (may it be from Hindus, Muslims, Christians or any religion**) FUNDAMENTALISTIC EDUCATION SYSTEM, or if some one says we don’t teach fundamentalism (which gets converted to terrorism) keep a strong watch on them. Otherwise we are going to loose lives those of Hindus, those of Muslims, those of Christians better say those of the beautiful creatures of GOD, in similar ways. Let’s teach every coming generation love, peace, truth, non-violence and every thing that strengthens the bonds between people all over the world, weakens the boundaries (Respecting each others origin!) and finally makes the life more beautiful! (Or at least No Blasts and No Attacks)


Clarifications:

*Terrorist: one who fights out of fear of ones non-existence!
** I know no religion teaches the violence, but the fundamentalists interpret it that way

Thursday, November 6, 2008

Two day Workshop on Machine Learning (19-20 Dce. 2008, Mumbai)

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Machine Learning

Machine Learning (ML) is a subfield of artificial intelligence (AI) that is concerned with the design and development of algorithms and techniques that allow computers to "learn". ML is one of the active areas of research in computer science and currently has a large repository of practically useable techniques and algorithms for a wide range of tasks. Typical ML problems include automatic clustering of a set of items, automatic classification (spam mail, documents, etc.), automatic learning/refinement of rules for a diagnostic system, predictive modelling, etc.

ML methods have evolved from various domains such as Statistics, Information theory, Biology and Control theory. ML has a wide spectrum of applications including natural language processing (NLP), pattern recognition, search engines, medical diagnosis, bioinformatics and chemical informatics, fraud detection, stock market analysis, speech and handwriting recognition, robotics, intelligent computer games etc.

About the Workshop

The workshop is meant to provide a comprehensive introduction to Machine Learning, focusing on conceptual understanding of popular ML algorithms and practical applications. Apart from covering popular ML techniques such as Artificial Neural Network (ANN), Support Vector Machine (SVM) and Genetic Algorithms (GA) we will discuss modelling of a problem for using machine learning including input-output transformation. Participant will get hands on experience with these algorithms; using toolkits such as Weka.

Workshop Outline

* Introduction to Machine Learning
* Inductive Learning
* Artificial Neural Network
* Support Vector Machine
* Clustering
* Input-output transformation for ML
* Application case studies
* Lab sessions

Target Audience

The workshop is targeted at academic and industry professionals interested in Machine Learning; professionals working in the area of information retrieval, language processing, document analysis, speech recognition and students interested in the area of Machine Learning. Some familiarity with computer programming will be desirable – language does not matter.

Registration Details

Registration Fee: Rs. 1000/- per participant for academic & non-profit organizations, and Rs. 1500/- per participant for others, payable by a crossed demand draft drawn in favour of 'C-DAC Mumbai' payable at Mumbai. The fee covers lunch, refreshments, and workshop material. The complete registration form fee should be sent to the Course Administration section C-DAC, Kharghar, Mumbai.

Accommodation Availability

Limited shared Non-A/C accommodation is available at the Navi Mumbai Campus Hostel, at Rs.150/- per person per day.

Knowledge Based Computer Systems Division

The Knowledge Based Computer Systems (KBCS) division carries out research and development in selected subfields of Artificial Intelligence. Its core areas of research are Natural Language Processing, Expert Systems, Case Based Reasoning, Information Retrieval, Data Mining, Soft Computing, and Planning and Scheduling.

About C-DAC Mumbai

The Centre for Development of Advanced Computing, Mumbai (formerly National Centre for Software Technology) is a scientific society involved in the Research and Development into various areas of Software Technology and related disciplines with an objective to create focus on advanced information technologies, high-end academics & training relevant to R&D societies.

Contact Us

Knowledge Based Computer Systems (KBCS) Division
Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (Formerly NCST)
Raintree Marg, Near Bharti Vidyapeeth
Opp. Kharghar Railway Station
Sector 7, CBD Belapur
Navi Mumbai 400 614

For Details Visit: CDAC Mumbai Website
E-mail: Click here to mail
Telephone: +91-22-27565303-05 Fax: +91-22-27560004

Weka -A machine learning "Aladdin ka Chirag"

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If you are interested in developing applications using machine learning algorithms but you are tired of coding the Learning algorithms then here is All-in-one formula for you -WEKA.Weka is collection of machine learning algorithms. It does everything for you, you are responsible for the just data and feature extraction, keep everything else for the Weka. It really simplifies your work and saves time.It also does evaluation of the built model on the same or provided data as per your settings. You can download it form here. Here you will get documentation and all the needed information regarding using the weka.
Weka provides number of ML algorithms like ANN, SMO, Decision Trees etc.
So experience the Difference!

Thursday, October 2, 2008

Top ten bussiness ideas

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if any one has some business idea he/she can put it here by replying to this post. If I like it I will help you in the Funding, provided the idea is worth "giving a try"

Wish you all very happy Gandhi Jayanti

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Wish you all very happy Gandhi jayanti. Here is a nice speech by Bapuji.
http://www.gandhiserve.org/

Isn't it relevant today also?

Wednesday, September 17, 2008

Stanford frees CS, robotics courses

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Stanford University has launched a series of 10 free, online computer science (CS) and electrical engineering courses. The courses span an introduction to computer science and an introduction to artificial intelligence and robotics, among other topics.

The free courses are being offered “to students and educators around the world” under the auspices of Stanford Engineering Everywhere (SEE). Each course comprises downloadable video lectures, handouts, assignments, exams, and transcripts.
The courses are nearly identical to what’s offered to enrolled Stanford students, according to the University. However, those taking courses through SEE are not eligible to receive Stanford credit for them.
Course participants do not register, and have no direct contact with Stanford instructors or professors. They do, however, have the ability to communicate online with other SEE students. A detailed SEE FAQ is available here.
The University says SEE’s initial courses include “one of Stanford’s most popular engineering sequences: the three-course Introduction to Computer Science taken by the majority of Stanford undergraduates, and seven more advanced courses in artificial intelligence and electrical engineering.”
Specifically, SEE’s first 10 courses are…
• Introduction to Computer Science:
o Programming Methodology — CS106A
o Programming Abstractions — CS106B
o Programming Paradigms — CS107
• Artificial Intelligence:
o Introduction to Robotics — CS223A
o Natural Language Processing — CS224N
o Machine Learning — CS229
• Linear Systems and Optimization:
o The Fourier Transform and its Applications — EE261
o Introduction to Linear Dynamical Systems — EE263
o Convex Optimization I — EE364A
o Convex Optimization II — EE364B
Course videos can be viewed using YouTube, iTunes, Vyew, WMV Torrent, and MP4 Torrent. Here, for example, is lecture 1 of the Introduction to Robotics course, as a YouTube video:
The SEE courses have been released under a Creative Commons license, in order to “[encourage] educators and learners around the world to incorporate the video courses and materials into their educational endeavors and to form virtual communities around the classes,” the University says.
The license under which the courses are being released is the Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. According to the University, this license stipulates that “original content [can] be the remixed, tweaked, and built into new non-commercial content as long as the original source is credited and the new creations are distributed under the identical terms.”
As noted, the courses are nearly identical to the ones offered to Stanford’s registered students. However, some content has been omitted in cases where a copyright holder’s consent could not be obtained for releasing the material under the Creative Commons license. There are also “a few other exceptions,” according to the University.
Jim Plummer, dean of the Stanford Engineering School, says the University is “excited to extend our teaching and learning opportunities worldwide through SEE. We hope SEE will enable a broad range of people to learn, to share their ideas and to make their own contributions to knowledge.”
For further information, visit the program’s landing page at Stanford Engineering Everywhere

More info at: http://see.stanford.edu/SEE/courseinfo.aspx?coll=63480b48-8819-4efd-8412-263f1a472f5a

Sunday, August 31, 2008

Workshop on Rule Based Expert Systems @ CDAC

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2 Day Workshop on Rule Based Expert Systems

17–18 October, 2008, CDAC,Navi Mumbai
Expert Systems

Expert systems are computer software that try to emulate human problem solving in highly specialised narrow domains such as financial investment planning, specialised medical diagnosis, equipment trouble shooting, etc. One of the few successful off shoots of Artificial Intelligence, the field received a lot of attention during the 80's. After a relatively dormant phase, expert systems are now attaining popularity as more and more applications are moving on to become intelligent systems, significantly enhancing their potential. The massive growth in hardware performance and capacity and evolution of software paradigms such as software as service is contributing to this revival.

Expert systems have demonstrated their ability to perform at levels comparable to human experts in a wide range of domains. Developing an expert system consist of acquiring the specialised domain knowledge from human experts through a process generally called knowledge acquisition, and structuring and representing them in a form that machines can understand - knowledge engineering. Such domain knowledge is normally represented as if – then rules; case based and network representations are also used.

Software frameworks known as expert system shells are available today to provide the user interface, user interaction management, knowledge base interpretation and reasoning. Developing an effective expert system requires clear understanding of these various processes and familiarity with the shell or software frame work used.

About the Workshop

The workshop is meant to provide a comprehensive introduction to Expert Systems, focusing on the practical application. Apart from covering topics such as representation of domain knowledge, verification and validation of rule bases, and knowledge engineering, participants are expected to build small prototype systems using the expert system shell, Vidwan – a C-DAC Mumbai product.

Workshop Outline

* Introduction to Expert Systems
* Rule Based Expert Systems
* Reasoning with Uncertainty
* Knowledge Engineering
* Creation of Knowledge Bases
* Case Study: Vidwan

Target Audience

The workshop is targeted at academicians, IT managers, consultants, domain experts, professionals working on advisory systems and potentially anyone who feels a need for building systems with human expertise.

Registration Details

Registration Fee: Rs. 1000/- per participant for academicians & non-profit organizations, and Rs. 1500/- per participant for others, payable by a crossed demand draft drawn in favour of 'C-DAC Mumbai' payable at Mumbai. It includes lunch, refreshments, and workshop material. The registration should be sent to the Course Administration section, C-DAC Kharghar, at the below given address.

Limited number of seats, register early

Venue & Contact Us

Knowledge Based Computer Systems (KBCS) Division

Centre for Development of Advanced Computing

Raintree Marg, Near Bharti Vidyapeeth
Opp. Kharghar Railway Station
Sector 7, CBD Belapur
Navi Mumbai 400 614
To send mail click here

Telephone: +91-22-27565303-05 Fax: +91-22-27560004
For More Info Visit: http://www.cdacmumbai.in/index.php/cdacmumbai/research_and_publications/research_groups/kbcs_artificial_intelligence/events

Tuesday, June 24, 2008

Decentralization of IT

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Today Information Technology is not just a wealth creation tool for India. As we see, the contributors to it are from the diverse linguistic and geographical regions, it is flowing through the veins of nation. And that is why the more and more overseas companies are coming here. I said people from diverse background are contributing to it, but I am very sad to say IT has not reached to the geographically remote locations. As we know, IT can grow independent of the accessibility (in geographical sense), it should have reached to the at least district places. In simple language, 'the fruits of the IT have reached to the villages but not the trees of fruits'. Government is trying in that direction but many questions about the basic infrastructure are unattained. Take an example of an organization in Aurangabad, Maharashtra , two years back a software company faced a great loss just because of the unstable electricity in the region. IT don't need the abundant highways like the manufacturing industry, basic communication facilities can help to the great extent. The point is that government should act in a direction to the improve the basic infrastructure in these areas. We have seen IT changing the faces of many cities like Pune and Hyderabad. Let it now change the whole India! Government should not only concentrate on IT but also the other industries like manufacturing, textile, food processing and other so that we get the customers for the IT industry here itself. And also these are the industries which need more human resource, thus we may get good employment opportunities for such remote regions. Let the Indian It industry be self sustaining i.e. servicing our own customers (will take a lot time, but can dream of it) . Let my generation see the 'Trees of IT industry fruits reach to the village', let this paperless industry change face of my 'Rural India' (True India). I will call all this as 'Decentralization of IT' ( inspired by term 'Decentralization of Power' which I learned in my school).

Monday, June 23, 2008

MY comment on globalization...

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Mahatma Gandhi and Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. (two of the Earth's greatest peacemakers) have taught us through their lives and sacrifices how to be GREAT. If any nation truly wants to be great then it should be characterized in their goals of service to other nations. It will be great when globalisation is more influenced by Gandhi and King. Here is a powerful quote to so you how much Dr. King thought of Gandhi:
"Peace is the sweeter music.
A cosmic melody far superior
to the discords of war...
Gandhi was inevitable.
If humanity is to progress,
Gandhi is inescapable.
He lived, thought and acted,
inspired by the vision
of humanity evolving toward
a world of peace and harmony.
We may ignore Gandhi at our own risk."
--- Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

Peace and love,
John
Atlanta: City of Peace, Inc.

Dr. King stated it well when he said: "Not everybody can be famous. But everybody can be great, because greatness is determined by service." Those of you who are history scholars may know the rest of that passage. He said, "You don't have to have a college degree to serve. You don't have to make your subject and verb agree to serve. You don't have to know about Plato or Aristotle to serve. You don't have to know Einstein's theory of relativity to serve. You don't have to know the second theory of thermodynamics in physics to serve. You only need a heart full of grace and a soul generated by love."



MY COMMENT:
Hi John and all,
Really great vision. Indians are confident now to face the challenges coming with the globalization. But with that it will be very good for every nation being part of this 'collaborative growth' (yes this is what I call to Globalization), to serve each other, so as we can have a 'global village' with the 'self sustainable economy' (Concept coined by Gandhiji ), social balance, no discrimination and every thing that a happy family has. Lets complete the dream of Mahatma Gandhi and Dr. king by contributing to the development of the humanity through the Globalization ( But we will have to see towards globalization from this dimension/perspective).

Monday, June 9, 2008

English to Hindi Machine Translation

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MaTra
Translating Languages ....
Revolutionizing Lives................!

India is linguistically rich nation with 22 national languages recognized by the constitution of India, of which Hindi is official Union Language. Besides these there are 844 different dialects that are practiced in various parts of the country. Being a developing nation India is in great need of information revolution for the inclusive growth of the society residing in geographically different areas and speaking different languages. Internet has broken the geographical barrier but the language barrier remains unanswered as only less than 10% of population speaks English. ‘MaTra2’ is an attempt to break the same barrier. This current version of Matra2 is a step towards the mission of Information Revolution to revolutionalize millions of lives in this nation.

MaTra2 is a Fully-Automatic Indicative English-Hindi Machine Translation System. It translates the text in English into Hindi. Though the system is designed to support any domain, currently it is focusing ‘News’ and ‘Medical’ domains only. System works well for the simple sentences. We are working towards translation of other types of sentences such as compound, complex, interrogative, exclamatory, etc. These advances will be integrated into the system soon.

Using MaTra2 is simple, to try it please click here.

Tuesday, May 6, 2008

Private schools will have to reserve 25 % seats for poor

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Private schools will have to do their bit to operationalise the Fundamental Right to Education (RTE).

As per a new legislation — being prepared by the Union Human Resource Development (HRD) Ministry to operationalise the six-year-old Fundamental Right — private schools will have to reserve a quarter of their seats at the entry level for children from disadvantaged sections in the neighbourhood.

The government will reimburse these schools on the basis of what it spends for a student. However, schools that have received some kind of concession from the government — such as land free-of-cost or at concessional rates — will not be entitled to this reimbursement.

Though a similar proposal had met with stiff resistance when it was first mooted by the National Democratic Alliance, the government has clarified that reserving a quarter of the seats in a private school for disadvantaged students from the neighbourhood is a goal that it seeks to achieve in 10 years.

In the first year of operationalisation, all that the government will insist upon is that 25 per cent of the students admitted at the entry level — nursery, for instance — should be from the disadvantaged sections. “We are not saying that 25 per cent of the entire school should be from the disadvantaged sections in the neighbourhood in the first year of operationalisation itself. That might create a situation when a class could have just a couple of such students, resulting in their being bullied,” said an official.

Instead, what the government would like to do is have the entry-level class in each school reserve at least 25 per cent of its intake for the disadvantaged students. “This way there will be enough of such children in a class to be a group. And, by introducing this at the entry level, the assimilation will begin at an early stage itself; paving the way for a truly democratic and heterogeneous classroom.” In fact, it is being projected as the first step towards introduction of the long-elusive goal of having a common school system.

This is, in effect, the third attempt to introduce such reservation in private schools through the RTE. While the maiden effort by the Murli Manohar Joshi dispensation stirred a controversy, the second attempt to resurrect it by this government through another legislation was shelved as the entire proposal to operationalise the Fundamental Right was found to be too expensive.

Monday, April 28, 2008

The 10 most important technologies you never think about

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The late sci-fi author Arthur C. Clarke famously said that any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic.

We certainly live in a magical world. We're surrounded by technology, yet we seldom stop to consider the amazing advances that we've come to rely on every day. Whether we're surfing the Web, making a call on our mobile phones, or watching a DVD movie on our big-screen TV, we take our modern conveniences for granted.

Here, then, is a peek inside the magician's hat at 10 technologies that are keys to our digital age. Without realizing it, you've probably used at least one of them already today -- if not all. But whether you're aware of them or not, without these technologies our world would be a very different place.

Unicode
We use computers for every kind of communication, from IM to e-mail to writing the Great American Novel. The trouble is, computers don't speak our language. They're all digital; before they can store or process text, every letter, symbol, and punctuation mark must first be translated into numbers.

So which numbers do we use? Early PCs relied on a code called ASCII, which took care of most of the characters used in Western European languages. But that's not enough in the age of the World Wide Web. What about Cyrillic, Hindi, or Thai?

Enter Unicode, the Rosetta Stone of computing. The Unicode standard defines a unique number for every letter, symbol, or glyph in more than 30 written languages, and it's still growing. At nearly 1,500 pages and counting, it's incredibly complex, but it's been gaining traction ever since Microsoft adopted it as the internal encoding for the Windows NT family of operating systems.

Most of us will never need to know which characters map to which Unicode numbers, but modern computing could scarcely do without Unicode. In fact, it's what's letting you read this article in your Web browser, right now.

Digital Signal Processing
Digital music, digital photos, digital videos: It's easy to forget that we live in a fundamentally analog world. Computers can cope with all that we see and hear only through the application of highly complex mathematics, a field known as digital signal processing (DSP).

Wherever you find digital media, DSP is at work, facilitated by a whole subcategory of specialized chips and circuits. DSP algorithms correct for errors while your optical drive reads the music off a CD. They're at work again as you compress the audio into an MP3 file, and again when you play it back through your surround-sound speakers.

DSP is to digital media as gears and springs are to a pocket watch. It works its magic below the surface: invisible, yet totally essential. It's safe to say that without it, virtually none of the digital technologies that we take for granted today -- from DVDs to mobile phones, ink jet printers to DSL broadband -- would be possible.

Managed code
Programming is a lot more complicated than it used to be. Modern operating systems are like onions, with layers upon layers of subsystems to interconnect and manage. Worse, bugs and unnoticed security flaws, even ones that may have once seemed trivial, can be serious threats in the Net-connected era.

For a growing number of developers, the solution is to use platforms designed to relieve some of the burden. Programs written for such managed-code environments as Java and Microsoft's .Net don't run on the bare hardware the way traditional programs do. Instead, a virtual machine acts as an intermediary between the software and the system. It's like a robot nanny for computer programs, silently taking care of memory management and other housekeeping drudgery while keeping an eye out for potential security violations before they happen.

To an end-user, a managed-code program may seem no different than a traditional one, but software that runs in a virtual machine makes for a more reliable, stable, and secure computing experience. And with .Net rapidly becoming the preferred platform for Windows development, managed code may soon be the norm, rather than the exception.

Transistors
Later this year, Intel plans to unveil the world's first integrated circuit to contain 2 billion transistors. Moore's Law says that the number of transistors we can put into integrated circuits will double approximately every two years. That's a lot of transistors -- but what do they all do?

Simply put, the transistor may well be the greatest invention of the 20th century. It's really nothing more than a voltage-controlled switch, but that humble description hides incredible power. Linked together in various ways, transistors can form circuits that are the basis of every type of digital logic, right up to the CPUs that power our modern PCs and servers.

What makes today's chips so powerful is the industry's ability to cram components ever closer together. The transistors on the processor inside your PC might be only about 100 atoms across, and improvements in manufacturing technology will keep them shrinking -- at least, for the time being.

Someday, optical chips or even quantum processors may replace current chip designs and outperform them many times over. For now, we'll have to content ourselves with continuing to improve upon an oft-ignored technology that has served us for 50 years and counting.

XML
You've probably heard of XML, but what is it? Where is it? Though you may never have encountered it directly, XML is everywhere. Now in its 10th year, it has become virtually the lingua franca of data exchange.

XML stands for "extensible markup language" -- extensible because developers can add to it to suit the needs of particular applications. But what makes it really valuable is the fact that it's a language, much like HTML. Unlike some data formats, XML files aren't just streams of incomprehensible numbers. XML is designed to be read by humans as well as machines. A developer who "speaks XML" can look at a document written in an unfamiliar XML dialect and still understand what it's trying to say.

This powerful combination of features makes XML incredibly useful for all kinds of applications. But perhaps its biggest coup was Microsoft's decision to switch to XML-based file formats for Office 2007. As it turns out, you actually may have XML documents sitting on your desktop right now, without realizing it.

Nonvolatile RAM
Isn't it strange? Your pockets stay the same size, yet you can carry more and more in them every year.

In 1956, IBM's first hard drives used disks that were 2 feet wide. It's hard to believe that today's microscale drives use essentially the same technology. Incremental advances, such as the discovery of giant magnetoresistance and the invention of perpendicular recording heads have produced staggering results. Between 1990 and 2005, magnetic hard drives increased their storage capacity a thousandfold, putting even Moore's Law to shame.

But even with those astounding improvements, hard drives hit a wall when it came to portable devices. They were still too big and too fragile for many gadgets. Enter solid-state drives based on nonvolatile RAM. The technology has been used for storage since the 1970s, but it remained phenomenally expensive until manufacturing processes caught up with the demand. Now it is everywhere: in MP3 players like the newest Creative Zen, and in digital cameras, cell phones, and even some laptops.

Manufacturers aren't sitting still; cutting-edge technologies such as "racetrack memory" could lead to solid-state storage that is smaller, faster, and more reliable than ever.

Lithium ion batteries
When we were kids, our toys came "batteries not included." With our grown-up, high-tech toys, on the other hand, the battery is often one of the most important features. As essential as mobility has become to how we use technology, it simply wouldn't be possible if our choices were still limited to D, C, and AA.

The invention of lithium ion batteries was the key. The earliest rechargeables were made with lead -- hardly a prescription for portability. But because lithium is the lightest metal, lithium-based batteries can store more energy at a given weight than any other variety. Lighter batteries mean smaller, lighter devices; beginning in the 1990s, you could actually put a phone in your pocket.

Running time remains an ongoing challenge, but researchers have no shortage of solutions. In addition to improved lithium ion batteries that use nanotechnology, a number of battery alternatives are slowly coming to market, including ultracapacitors and fuel cells. In fact, pardon me for saying that battery technology is poised for its next big explosion -- and personal technology is sure to advance because of it.

Voice over IP (VoIP)
You've made a few Skype calls and you've looked into digital phone service from your broadband provider, but that's as close as you've gotten to VoIP technology. Or so you think. In truth, VoIP is revolutionizing the telecom industry, blurring the lines between voice calls and digital networks.

Those prepaid calling cards that offer rock-bottom international rates? VoIP makes them possible. Similarly, a growing number of businesses use VoIP behind the scenes to eliminate long-distance charges between branch offices.

Routing calls over the Internet circumvents traditional telephone company charges, and fewer fees and taxes mean lower prices. Digital calls are easier to direct and manage, which makes them attractive even to traditional telephone companies. Don't be surprised if soon the landline you've lived with forever is replaced by an all-digital alternative--though you'll likely be none the wiser.

Graphics acceleration
Thought your fancy video card was only good for gaming? Think again. Its graphics processing unit (GPU) is really like a second, highly specialized CPU. When it comes to certain kinds of complex math, its performance puts your desktop CPU to shame.

Until recently, all that power went to waste when you weren't chalking up frags. But computer scientists are finding novel ways to use GPU acceleration to speed up applications off-screen, as well. For example, a Stanford University project -- which uses many PCs around the world acting together as a supercomputer to assist protein folding-related disease research -- can offload calculations to the GPU to multiply its performance many times.

Because the kind of calculations used to draw 3D graphics are also applicable to many other problems, GPU acceleration is potentially useful for a wide variety of applications, from math-intensive science and engineering to complex database queries. Newer, even more complex chips -- such as nVidia's Aegia physics engine -- can do even more. No wonder nVidia has begun working on chips for the workstation market.

Increasingly, your PC's performance won't depend on the speed of any single chip. As AMD and Intel get into the game, expect future desktop CPUs to incorporate CPU and GPU capabilities into a single, multicore package, bringing the best of both worlds to gamers and nongamers alike.

High-speed net access
Where would we be without fast Internet access? It's easy to forget that just 10 years ago, most of us were still using ordinary modems. The broadband revolution ushered in streaming video, MP3 downloads, Internet phone calls, and multiplayer online gaming. And we owe it all to TV.

In the 1980s, cable companies were promising 500 channels of round-the-clock programming. Cable was poised to become the most important wire into the house; but the telephone companies had an ace up their sleeve. A new technology could push high-frequency signals over ordinary phone lines, which previously had been good only for low-bandwidth voice calls. The telephone companies saw this as an opportunity to offer video on demand and to compete with the cable companies at their own game.

Or so they thought. The plans of the telcos for video on demand dried up by the mid-1990s, but the technology remained. Now called DSL, it had morphed into a high-speed household on-ramp to the Internet. The cable companies followed suit with a comparable technology, and the broadband speed race--for both DSL and cable -- began in earnest.

Both cable and DSL still use traditional frequency signaling over copper wires, but new breakthroughs are poised to go mainstream. Fiber to the premises (FTTP) promises lightning-fast network speeds, and WiMax will push broadband into territories that wires can't reach today. As for what applications this next broadband revolution will bring -- well, we have only begun to imagine.

Tuesday, April 22, 2008

Pakya Uwach...

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Flowers will come and go but the thrones are lifetime companion...
..... Pakyas' funde

Wednesday, April 16, 2008

Indian American developing infrared super computers

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Washington: A computer that is a thousand-fold faster than the fastest current supercomputers is being developed by an Indian American scientist.

The machine of the future being developed by Ashok Nahata of the University of Utah relies on infrared wavelengths rather than electrical wires.


Nahata and his team made the equivalent of wires that carried and bent this form of infrared light, or terahertz radiation, the least exploited segment of electromagnetic spectrum.

Scientists want to harness this spectrum, since vast loads of communication clog the existing spectrum. It would not only make for much faster computing but also help in designing scanners and sensors able to detect biological, chemical or other weapons.

Nahata said the long-term goal is to develop capabilities to create circuits that run faster than modern-day electronic circuits "so we can have faster computers and faster data transfer via the Internet".

"We have taken a first step to making circuits that can harness or guide terahertz or infrared radiation," said Nahata. "Eventually - in a minimum of 10 years - this will allow the development of superfast circuits, computers and communications."
The findings will be published Friday in the online journal Optics Express.

Thursday, April 10, 2008

The better question might be, what doesn't Google know about us, according to Gartner analysts.

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Thursday, March 27, 2008

comment on why s/w engg can't buy a benz in India..

2 comments
Nice blog.And good analysis of what does prevent an Indian S/w engg from driving a benz.But I am fully in support of the two comments by devranjan & neo. India really needs inclusive growth. i don't remember the exact figures but the contribution to the GDP from Services sector is 6o%+ and that from the manufacturing & textile which needs the most of the human resource is 20%+ and farming has poor contribution less than 10%. And we all know that 60%+ population is directly agri dependent and other remaining are industry dependent and only 13% human resource is there in services industry which brings this 60%+ of the GDP. Thats dangerous for any economy(this is my personal openion ,I am not any economist).But as I understand if only two ppl in a family of 10 are bread earners and if they unfortunately die the family has no option other than being a begger.So we should try our level best to have every one included in the development. I am aware of the situation that the economical situation is not so worst that we will need to beg. But look ahead of time there are many challenges before us.
Hope we together try this happen.
Jai Maharshtra!




original blog at:
http://bhagwatgm.blogspot.com/

Monday, March 24, 2008

Google hires

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Google hires top talent in India to focus on Google News

Rahul Roy-Chowdhury spent nearly two decades in the U.S. before joining Google as its product manager for Google News. His particular mandate is to broaden Google News’ reach in India, and his company’s sent him back to capitalize on India’s strangely voracious appetite for news.

It’s one of the few countries in which newspaper circulation is actually increasing. That’s partly because rising incomes and education levels have stoked literacy, Roy-Chowdhury says, but it also has to do with the slow spread of Internet access. Of course, Google is planning for the day when every Indian can surf the Web for news, and it’s clear that when they can, they’ll still want what they like now: local news.

“If you leaf through almost any newspaper here, the sequence of sections is telling,” he says. “Generally, city and state news is given pride of place, followed by some national news and generally a small amount of international coverage.”

Roy-Chowdhury has to ensure that Google News not only provides that local coverage, but ultimately does so in the country’s different languages. India has 22 major languages. The country’s middle class, now about as big as the entire U.S. population, can speak English, but many still prefer to read and shop in their native tongues. “If we’re able to do it successfully, we can reach many orders of magnitude more people than we could otherwise,” he says. “I love the idea of potentially being able to make a difference at that scale.”

Who could have known, 17 years ago, that he would return to India as the representative of a mammoth high-tech company. Back then, India was still mired in sluggish growth, the product of decades of excessive government meddling in the economy. “Right as I was getting ready to leave for the U.S., India's balance of payments weaknesses suddenly caused a crisis,” he remembers. “India moved to a floating exchange rate, which immediately caused a severe devaluation of the rupee. I remember my father being quite upset, as my education in the US suddenly became 50 percent more expensive than it had been a month before!” Later on, India liberalized the economy, setting off the ongoing boom, which is particularly robust in high-tech industry.

He studied first mathematics, at Hamilton College, then computer science, at Columbia University. A stint at the New York offices of the investment bank Lazard Frères got him interested in business, which he pursued by getting an MBA at Stanford University, followed by a job at Solidcore, a Cupertino, California startup in that provides IT maintenance services. In 2007, Google gobbled him up.

Roy-Chowdhury now lives a stone’s throw from the center of Bangalore, which is the beating heart of India’s tech economy. There he sees the corporate offices of Intel, Microsoft, and a host of other tech multinationals, alongside malls packed with contemporary styles and name-brand fast food. It makes him feel right at home, because that is where he is.

Monday, March 17, 2008

Wisdom from the way-out-edge - James Gosling

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As the principal creator of the Java programming language, James Gosling is one of the few original hard-core IT geeks left.
At 14, he broke into the computer science department at the University of Calgary in Canada and taught himself to write software; he later received a computer science degree there.
The title of his PhD thesis from Carnegie Mellon University was The Algebraic Manipulation of Constraints.
He has built satellite data acquisition systems, a multiprocessor version of Unix, several compilers, mail systems and window managers. As well, he has built a WYSIWYG (what you see is what you get) text editor, a constraint-based drawing editor and a text editor called "Emacs" for Unix.
Seriously geek.
But, as they usually are, Mr Gosling is insightful, friendly, and highly amusing, wearing when we met the requisite technology T-shirt du jour, Galileo. He was in Australia recently for a couple of developer conferences.
At 52, Mr Gosling is a researcher at Sun Microsystems where his main interest is software development tools. "The reason why I stay is it's filled with a bunch of nutcases. Sun is a (relatively) small organisation, so there is a culture of tolerating craziness. It is open and understanding to risk; to an idea that might not be what people are expecting."
Mr Gosling says organisations have to reward risk and not penalise failure.
"Innovation is about new and interesting things. Innovation ends up being about risk, and thinking that risk and failure are good things.
"If you know it's going to work, it's probably boring," he says. "You've got to learn to trust crazy people. It's the people on the edge that have the most interesting insightful comments."
Mr Gosling says he never orders the same meal at a restaurant. That's akin to a lack of innovation.
"You've had a bad experience, so you stick with what's safe and you order the same meal all the time.
"A lot of innovation is about ignoring past failures, which can become obstacles. Innovation is a fearlessness about risk; a lack of concern about imagined negative consequences. Whatever goes wrong will be OK; it's a positive learning experience."
The biggest mistake Mr Gosling says he ever made was to not have enough confidence in himself. Not so much the engineering side, where he clearly excelled, but in "the stuff on the edges".
"Business and marketing people would come up with a position on stuff," he says. "They seemed wrong but I believed they were older and wiser and I didn't have the confidence to question them. People you think are oracles of wisdom - they're just making it up."

Mr Gosling learnt early on that clients who hire you don't know what they're talking about. "The trick is to listen and try to figure out what the problem is to solve. (For example) a company had a piece of software to do a simulation of an oil refinery but the simulation was taking more time than the machine could stay up for. They hired me to do tuning so the computation could be check-pointed, so it could be restarted.
"But when I saw the machine, I could hear that it was too noisy - the sound of a diskpad going back and forth, so it was a hardcore hardware problem. I fixed it and the runtime went down from three days to three minutes," he says. "Their views of the solution were bounded by their (limited) view of the problem."
Before joining Sun in 1984, Mr Gosling worked at IBM. He remembers a professional development course where an expert spoke on the history of warfare. "Get a bunch of business folk and their favourite book is The Art of War," he says. "I've met a lot of military folk, and they view their job as peace but business folk view their job as war. Folk at lower levels care about their jobs and at the top levels it's warfare. That was my epiphany."
Management at Apple is different from Sun, he says. "It is as black and opaque as a company can be. They have Chinese walls within the organisation, so they don't know what the others are doing, or even know that they are working on the same project.
"We at Sun are the goofballs. We're the most open guys on the planet. We have no secrets. We talk to our customers and our competitors a lot. There's a shortage of corporate lines and public positions on things."
At Sun, Mr Gosling and his colleagues once wrote a page of scenarios of what they thought people were likely to do in terms of technology. It was like an exercise in writing science fiction, he says. "We wondered what if cellphones got more capability? What if cellphones were computers? Most people thought we were goofs but we were spot on."
And the future of the web? "Gloriously unanswerable," he says. "All the important stuff is a surprise. It's a social experiment.
"The most interesting thing about the web is its unpredictability. People tend to focus on the technology but on the web you can build anything. The question is not so much can you build it but will anybody find it interesting?"
The Gosling creed
- Reward risk and don't penalise failure.
- Innovation is about risk and thinking that risk and failure are good things.
- You have to learn to trust crazy people. It's the people on the edge that have the most interesting, insightful comments.
- Have confidence in yourself. People you think are oracles of wisdom - they're just making it up.
- Listen carefully, and try to figure out what the problem is to solve.

companies will look at India as their destination for offshore R&D

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Though India is witnessing a slowdown in its offshore R&D activities, fewer companies will look at India as their destination for offshore R&D centers in the next 18 months.In 2005, there were 75 new offshore R&D centers in India. The number has dwindled to just 15 last year. There are about 600 MNC captives in the county where R&D offshoring activity was estimated at $6 billion and is seen as growing at 23 percent. In the total R&D market, software product development captures over 50 percent, with the balance contributed by embedded systems space. Some key reasons for this trend were cost escalation of 8 percent to 15 percent, attrition of up to 20 percent, difficulty in scalability and lack of recruitment bandwidth, says a study by Zinnov Consulting. However, the silver lining is that many of the large and established R&D centers will lend a lot of buoyancy to R&D activity from India.In fact, large companies will grow till their head count reaches 30 percent to 40 percent of their global R&D workforce, the study says. Though there are several challenges, stable and strong leadership team help some of the successful R&D captives get stabilized.On future possibilities, Zinnov Consulting CEO Pari Natrajan says, Indian R&D centers would be at the center of conceptualization, design and development of low-cost products like cars, mobile chips and consumer software products. "Business model innovations will be experimented to tap the SMB market place," he adds.Small companies may use third party services and temporary contractors to control costs while mid-sized firms, who followed the collaborative model, may move into own captive centers.

India Has no more cost advantage

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As cost of operation and managing offshore center in India has no more cost advantage. Innovation and optimization have become the buzzwords for success of India centers. The "Offshore R&D2008" which concluded in Bangalore on Friday discussed ways to imbibe a culture of innovation in the organization and strategies to achieve optimization.Naresh Chand Guptha, Senior Vice president, Print and Publishing Business Unit and MD, Adobe systems in his Key note speech shared his experience in Adobe and said that to retain best talent in the organization, it needs give up the ownership of the product to engineers who are working on it. And allow them to spend time with the development of product or IP. Intrapreneurship is the key tool to support, eulogize and reward the talents.
"Being innovative is not a nationalistic character. It's shocking that still there is a perception that cheap engineers provide cheap solutions. The perception of Indian engineers are not creative or innovative as compared to their U.S. counterparts should go. There should not be any predisposition like Indian engineer, Israeli engineer etc.," said Dave Ettle, SVP, Products and Technology, AMDOCS OSS Division in his key note speech.Pari Natarajan, CEO of Zinnov said in his keynote that "R&D offshoring has seen phenomenal growth in the last 5 years and has played a key part in showcasing India's capability in innovation and high quality of work. However, the changing economic climate, increasing scale of operations, and increasing competition in the IT service sector demands new strategies."The event covered Indian offshoring scenarios, with 3 parallel tracks for Executive Management, HR and Top Finance executives. A congregation of the country's top, decision makers and influencers across the value-chain participated in the panel discussions during the event including names like Gajanana Hegde- Senior Director, Cisco-WebEx and Head, Connect Applications Development, Manoj Bawa, Director, Finance, McAfee, Vaibhav Parikh, Head, Nitish Desai and Associates, Aparna Ballakur, Director, HR, Adobe, Chitra Sood, Head, Staffing, Microsoft and Ravi Kyran, Director, HR, TI, India.

Thursday, March 13, 2008

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Debt waiver skewed to favour rich landholders: Sainath

Tue, Mar 4 11:19 AM

New Delhi, March 4 (IANS) The one-time waiver of bank debts for 'small and marginal' farmers announced in the union budget will cover only a small fraction of needy farmers and is skewed in favour of rich landholders, says Magsaysay Award winner P. Sainath.

The debt waiver itself was good but would impact on only a few distressed farmers, the renowned columnist and rural affairs editor of The Hindu newspaper said Monday while delivering the third Sumitra Chisti memorial lecture on 'Death on the Farm: The Agrarian Crisis and its Consequences'.

According to Finance Minister P. Chidambaram, the debt waiver will only be limited to farmers with two hectares of holding which, said Sainath, rules out 52 percent of farmers in Maharashtra's Vidarbha region. Most of the farmers in Vidarbha had an average of six hectares 'as the quality of land was poor'.

'Out of the rest 48 percent, only a quarter had access to bank credit,' he said.

He pointed out that the debt was only limited till March 31, 2007, which he said, 'had been cynically and deliberately added by vested interests'.

The crop cycle for sugarcane growers in western Maharashtra, chief supporters of Agriculture Minister Sharad Pawar, is from January to February, when they take loans.

'But, for Vidarbha, the crop cycle is from April to June, so the waiver will miss out this year's debt,' said Sainath.

The award winning journalist added that while farmers in Vidarbha were getting credit of only Rs.4,000 per hectare, it was about Rs.30,000 for the sugarcane farmers in western Maharashtra.

'The grape growers, for whom MPs are lobbying to introduce wine in airlines, are a cartel of 18 corporate executives living in Mumbai and they get a credit of Rs.100,000 per hectare,' he stated.

Contrary to the Congress' claim of the unprecedented nature of this debt relief, there had been previous examples, including during the British Raj, of farmer's debts being waived off. According to Sainath, people who are supporting the move now had shot it down when the prime minister was ready to waive off debt after his visit to Vidarbha in 2006.

'I will still say that it is a good step, but farmers will be back to where they were in two to three years, if government does not stabilise prices,' he said

Sunday, January 13, 2008

गिरीश वाघ...congrates..!

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ही कार हे माझं स्वप्न होतंचं. पण ते साकार करण्यासाठी गेली चार वर्षे तरुण इंजिनिअर्सची टीम खपत होती. या कारचं श्रेय जातं ते गिरीशला आणि त्याच्या टीमला... असं रतन टाटा यांनी कारच्या लाँचिंगच्यावेळी जाहीर केले. एवढंच नव्हे तर त्यांनी मराठमोळ्या गिरीशला चक्क स्टेजवर बोलावून घेऊन त्याच्या पाठीवर कौतुकाची थाप दिली. गिरीश वाघ... टाटा मोटर्सचा एक्का म्हणूनच ते ओळखले जातात. टाटा मोटर्सच्या अधिकृत वेबसाइटमध्येही तसा खास उल्लेख आहे. इतरांसारखाच दिसणारा गिरीश अगदी साधा माणूस. फक्त वेगळ्या पद्धतीने विचार करणारा. म्हणूनच टाटा मोटर्सने आपले सगळ्यात मोठे स्वप्न पूर्ण करण्याची जबाबदारी त्याच्या हाती सोपवली. पुण्याच्या ४०० एकर भूखंडावर पसरलेल्या कंपनीच्या कारखान्यात सुमारे साडेतीन हजार इंजिनिअर काम करतात. त्यातील कार डिझाइन विभागाचे मॅनेजर गिरीश वाघ. ३४ वर्षीय गिरीश आणि त्यांच्या सहका-यांनीच लाखमोलाच्या नॅनोचे डिझाईन तयार केलंय. एक लाखाची गाडी तयार करायची पण त्यात भारतीयांसाठी जास्तीत जास्त आरामदायी सेवा द्यायच्या हे एक फार मोठे आव्हान होते. त्यामुळे पारंपरिकता सोडून , आर्थिकदृष्ट्या व्यवहारी नसलेला विचार प्रत्यक्षात आणायचा तर एखादा तरुण , नवा विचार करु शकणारा , उत्साही डिझायनर कंपनीला हवा होता. टाटा मोटर्सचे अध्यक्ष रतन टाटा आणि सुमंत मुळगावकर यांनी कंपनीच्या गाड्यांच्या डिझाइनवर वर्षानुवर्षे मेहनत घेतली. मात्र त्यांनाही हे आव्हान पेलण्यसाठी नव्या संकल्पना मांडणा-या तरुणालाच संधी द्यायची होती. अखेर कंपनीने अनेक इंजिनिअरमधून गिरीश वाघ यांचीच निवड केली. आणि गिरीशने ही जबाबदारी समर्थपणे पूर्णही केली.